The song, originally titled "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin"(War song for the Army of the Rhine). Was written and composed by Claude Joseph Rpuget de Lisle in 1792.
The song is the first example of the "European march" anthemic style. The anthem's evocative melody and lyrics have led to its widespread use as a song of revolution and its incorporation into many pieces of classical and popular music.
The song's lyrics reflect the invasion of France by foreign armies(from Prussia and Austria) that were underway when it was written. The lyric also criticize their own town .
During the first republic , La Marseillaise was a popular anthem between soldiers and civils.Then in the time of the two Empires was forget it. Then in the third republic was interpreted by military bands in official acts.
Then in october 4 0f 1958 was recognized like National Anthem.
"La Marseillaise" was arranged for soprano, chorus and orchestra by Hector Berlioz in about 1830.
Franz Liszt wrote a piano transcription of the anthem.
Serge Gainsbourg made a reggae version in 1978, titled "Aux Armes, Et Caetera".
In Peru and Chile, the Paetido Aprista Peruano and the Socialist Party wrote their own versions of "La Marseillaise" to be their anthems.
Nowadays France only sing the first verse and the chorus , sometimes the sixth and seventh verse.